Vol. 4 No. 2 (2018)
Short Communication

Electronic training devices: European Society of Veterinary Clinical Ethology (ESVCE) position statement

Published 2018-10-19


  • e-collar,
  • stress,
  • dog


This position statement of the European Society of Clinical veterinary Ethology (ESVCE) was prepared by an ESVCE working group consisting of Sylvia Masson, Angelo Gazzano, Esther Schalke and Silvia de la Vega; Elisabeth Walsh helped with the English. The final text was presented at the Annual General Meeting of ESVCE in 2017 in Samorin, Slovakia, and unanimously adopted by the members.